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Proceedings Paper

Some experimental results on the dynamic performance of PAN muscles
Author(s): Karim Salehpoor; Mohsen Shahinpoor; Mehran Mojarrad
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Paper Abstract

The objective of these characterization tests was to find the optimum conditions that maximize the length variation of the chemically activated polyacrylonitrile (PAN) muscles. There are two steps of annealing and chemical treatment in the development of the PAN muscles. The effects of the annealing temperature, the duration of annealing, and the duration of the boiling in the NaOH solution on the variation of the length of PAN muscle were studied. The effect of the pH of the saturating solution on the expansion-contraction behavior of the PAN muscle was further studied. The expansion-contraction behavior of the PAN muscle when saturated with HNO3, H2SO4, and HCl was also studied.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 February 1997
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 3040, Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Smart Materials Technologies, (14 February 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.267111
Show Author Affiliations
Karim Salehpoor, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)
Mohsen Shahinpoor, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)
Mehran Mojarrad, Univ. of New Mexico (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 3040:
Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Smart Materials Technologies
Wilbur C. Simmons; Ilhan A. Aksay; Dryver R. Huston, Editor(s)

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