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Proceedings Paper

Real-time 3D visualization of volumetric video motion sensor data
Author(s): Jeffrey J. Carlson; Sharon A. Stansfield; Dan Shawver; Gerald M. Flachs; Jay B. Jordan; Zhonghao Bao
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Paper Abstract

This paper addresses the problem of improving detection, assessment, and response capabilities of security systems. Our approach combines two state-of-the-art technologies: volumetric video motion detection (VVMD) and virtual reality (VR). This work capitalizes on the ability of VVMD technology to provide 3D information about the position, shape, and size of intruders within a protected volume. The 3D information is obtained by fusing motion detection data from multiple video sensors. Other benefits include low nuisance alarm rates, increased resistance to tampering, low-bandwidth requirements for sending detection data to a remote monitoring site, and the ability to perform well in a dynamic environment where human activity and motion clutter are commonplace. The second component of this work involves the application of VR technology to display information relating to the sensors and the sensor environment. VR technology enables an operator, or security guard, to be immersed in a 3D graphical representation of the remote site containing the video sensors. VVMD data is transmitted from the remote site via ordinary telephone lines and displayed in real-time within the virtual environment. There are several benefits to displaying VVMD information in this way. Often, raw sensor information is not in a form that can be easily interpreted and understood--especially when taken out of the context of the sensor environment. Because the VVMD system provides 3D information and because the sensor environment is a physical 3D space, it seems natural to display this information in 3D. Also, the 3D graphical representation depicts essential details within and around the protected volume in a natural way for human perception. Sensor information can also be more easily interpreted when the operator can `move' through the virtual environment and explore the relationships between the sensor data, objects and other visual cues present in the visual environment. By exploiting the powerful ability of humans to understand and interpret 3D information, we expect to (1) improve the means for visualizing and interpreting sensor information, (2) allow a human operator to assess a potential threat more quickly and accurately, and (3) enable a more effective response. This paper will detail both the VVMD and VR technologies and will discuss a prototype system based upon their integration.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 February 1997
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2935, Surveillance and Assessment Technologies for Law Enforcement, (14 February 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.266805
Show Author Affiliations
Jeffrey J. Carlson, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Sharon A. Stansfield, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Dan Shawver, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Gerald M. Flachs, New Mexico State Univ. (United States)
Jay B. Jordan, New Mexico State Univ. (United States)
Zhonghao Bao, New Mexico State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2935:
Surveillance and Assessment Technologies for Law Enforcement
A. Trent DePersia; Suzan Yeager; Steve M. Ortiz, Editor(s)

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