Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Ocean optics: a perspective and a prognosis
Author(s): Richard W. Spinrad
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

The field of ocean optics is characterized by an evolution of driving forces, primarily within the last half of this century. In the 1970s, the field was a source of new information on the scales of variability of ocean dynamics, in terms of surface productivity and deep ocean sediment transport. Subsequent remote sensing developments dictated the development of more sophisticated understanding of radiative transfer and the measurements of optical properties in situ. By the late 1980s, US Navy operations and an ever-quieting submarine fleet demanded increased investment in non-acoustic technologies for antisubmarine warfare. Now the oceanographic community is being redirected and trends for ocean research point toward new applications: improved interannual forecasts relevant on global scales; hazard mitigation, especially in the coastal zone, where weather, anthropogenic, and natural processes are to be dealt with, and; new observation systems: optical sensors are now recognized as standard indicators of change in the chemistry, biology and physics of the sea, and the marine boundary layer. Modeling efforts tied to prediction of thermal dynamics will require treatments of radiative transfer theory on temporal and spatial scales heretofore underserved.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 February 1997
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2963, Ocean Optics XIII, (6 February 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.266424
Show Author Affiliations
Richard W. Spinrad, Consortium for Ocenaographic Research and Education (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2963:
Ocean Optics XIII
Steven G. Ackleson; Robert J. Frouin, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top