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Proceedings Paper

Effect of Raman scattering on the asymptotic average cosine in the ocean
Author(s): Juli Berwald; Dariusz Stramski; Dale A. Kiefer; Curtis D. Mobley
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Paper Abstract

Using the numerical radiative transfer model we investigate vertical changes in the average cosine of the underwater light field throughout the water column and into the asymptotic regime in the presence of Raman scattering. Results from these simulations show that Raman scattering strongly influences the asymptotic average cosine at wavelengths greater than about 500 nm in clear waters and 600 nm more turbid waters. At these wavelengths both the vertical behavior and the asymptotic value of the average cosine differ drastically in the presence of Raman scattering as compared to source-free waters. In red wavelengths and in clear waters, the effect of Raman scattering on the average cosine is most pronounced and a quasi-asymptotic field may be present. Our radiative transfer simulations confirm that the asymptotic diffuse attenuation coefficients at excitation and emission wavelengths are equivalent in the presence of Raman scattering. Using Gershun's equation with a source, we identify a new parameter P which is the ratio of scalar irradiance due to local inelastic scattering to total scalar irradiance. Similar to the asymptotic average cosine, P(subscript INF, is only dependent on the inherent optical properties of the asymptotic field.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 February 1997
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 2963, Ocean Optics XIII, (6 February 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.266371
Show Author Affiliations
Juli Berwald, University of Southern California (United States)
Dariusz Stramski, University of Southern California (United States)
Dale A. Kiefer, Univeristy of Southern California (United States)
Curtis D. Mobley, Sequoia Scientfic, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2963:
Ocean Optics XIII
Steven G. Ackleson; Robert J. Frouin, Editor(s)

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