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Proceedings Paper

Initial test and evaluation of the millimeter-wave holographic surveillance system
Author(s): Douglas L. McMakin; David M. Sheen; Anne Schur; Wyllona M. Harris; Gregory F. Piepel
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Paper Abstract

A test and evaluation pilot study was conducted in January 1996 at Sea-Tac International Airport in Seattle, Washington to determine the initial effectiveness of the Millimeter- wave Holographic Weapons Surveillance System. This is a new personnel surveillance systems for the detection of concealed metal, plastic, and ceramic weapons and other threatening materials. Two different frequency bands were used in the study: Ku band and Ka band. Over 7000 Millimeter-wave (MM-wave) holographic images were obtained on 21 different models. The 7000 images were used to produce simulated real-time surveillance system videos. The videos were constructed by obtaining 36 images of the models at 10 degree increments for 360 degree coverage. A library of two hundred videos were produced for this pilot study: 100 at Ku band and 100 at Ka band. The videos contained either a threat or no threat. The threats were concealed at different locations on the models. Various innocuous items and different clothing combinations were also used n the construction of these videos. Twenty-nine certified Sea-Tac screeners were used in the initial test and evaluation of this new surveillance technology. Each screener viewed 160 MM-wave videos: 80 Ku band and 80 Ka band. The ratio of non- threat to threat videos per band was three to one. Test and evaluation software was developed to collect data from the screeners on-line for the type and location of threat detected. The primary measures of screener performance used to evaluate this new technology included, the probability of detection, the probability of a false alarm, measures of screener sensitivity and bias, and threat detection time.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 January 1997
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2932, Human Detection and Positive Identification: Methods and Technologies, (28 January 1997); doi: 10.1117/12.265379
Show Author Affiliations
Douglas L. McMakin, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
David M. Sheen, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Anne Schur, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Wyllona M. Harris, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Gregory F. Piepel, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2932:
Human Detection and Positive Identification: Methods and Technologies
Lisa A. Alyea; David E. Hoglund, Editor(s)

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