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Proceedings Paper

Pattern and polarization measurements of integrated-circuit spiral antennas at 10-μm wavelength
Author(s): Michael E. MacDonald; Erich N. Grossman
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Paper Abstract

Radiation patterns are presented for planar equiangular spiral antennas at wavelengths of approximately 10 micrometers . These antennas are fabricated using integrated-circuit processes on silicon substrates and are coupled through dielectric lenses. Patterns are presented over a full 2D scan for orthogonal linear polarizations, and for left- circular (LCP) and right-circular (RCP) polarizations. The antennas respond preferentially to left-circularly polarized radiation, as expected for the left-handed sense of the spiral arms. Cross-polarization ratios as large as 10 dB in circular polarization are obtained, corresponding to an axial ratio of 1.2. No difference in response between horizontally and vertically polarized radiation is observed, as expected for circularly polarized antennas. Directivities as large as 14 dB in left-circular polarization have been obtained. The cross-polarized directivity is considerably lower than the co-polarized directivity. All patterns are approximately circularly symmetric about the (theta) equals 0 axis. The cross-polarization ratio and pattern symmetry strongly depend on the alignment of the antenna and detector response is antenna coupled, even at radiation wavelength of the same order of magnitude as the resolution limit of the optical lithography used to define the antenna geometry.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 December 1996
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2842, Millimeter and Submillimeter Waves and Applications III, (18 December 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.262773
Show Author Affiliations
Michael E. MacDonald, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)
Erich N. Grossman, National Institute of Standards and Technology (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2842:
Millimeter and Submillimeter Waves and Applications III
Mohammed N. Afsar, Editor(s)

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