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Proceedings Paper

Influence of peak power in ablation rate of dental hard tissues: mathematical model
Author(s): Carmen Colojoara; Shimon Gabay; Freerk W. van der Meulen; Martin J. C. van Gemert
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Paper Abstract

Pulsed Er:YAG and CO2 lasers should be suitable instruments for dentin and enamel ablation because both tissues have absorption peaks for radiation at 2.9 and 9.6 micrometers wavelengths. This is the context of our research that emphasizes the way in which the diameter and the depth of the crater made in enamel and dentin with the laser Er:YAG and CO2 is influenced in quantity and quality. Freshly extracted human third molar were used for this experiment. The laser source is Er:YAG Kavo Key dental model 1240 and CO2 Laser Sonics LS 860. The dimensions of the obtained craters were measured using the optical microscopy method. The obtained results were modelled experimentally with programs: GRAPHER and STATGRAPHICS. After the mathematical processing to the results what we obtain is relevant regarding the influence of the key parameters in the efficiency of the ablation according to the type of laser. On the whole, from our research results that both lasers ablate efficiently the dentin when the laser energy is between 200 and 300 mJ.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 December 1996
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2922, Laser Applications in Medicine and Dentistry, (3 December 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.260677
Show Author Affiliations
Carmen Colojoara, Univ. of Amsterdam and Univ. of Medicine and Pharmacy (Romania)
Shimon Gabay, Univ. of Amsterdam and Laser Group NRCN (Israel)
Freerk W. van der Meulen, Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Martin J. C. van Gemert, Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2922:
Laser Applications in Medicine and Dentistry
Gregory B. Altshuler; Fausto Chiesa; Herbert J. Geschwind; Raimund Hibst; Neville Krasner; Frederic Laffitte; Giulio Maira; Reinhard Neumann; Roberto Pini; Hans-Dieter Reidenbach; Andre Roggan; Montserrat Serra I Mila, Editor(s)

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