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Proceedings Paper

Laser irradiation of mouse spermatozoa enhances in-vitro fertilization and Ca2+ uptake via reactive oxygen species
Author(s): Natalie Cohen; Rachel Lubart; Sara Rubinstein; Haim Breitbart
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Paper Abstract

630 nm He-Ne laser irradiation was found to have a profound influence on Ca2+ uptake in mouse spermatozoa and the fertilizing potential of these cells. Laser irradiation affected mainly the mitochondrial Ca2+ transport mechanisms. Furthermore, the effect of light was found to be Ca2+-dependent. We demonstrate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the cascade of biochemical events evoked by laser irradiation. A causal association between laser irradiation, ROS generation, and sperm function was indicated by studies with ROS scavengers, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase, and exogenous hydrogen peroxide. SOD treatment resulted in increased Ca2+ uptake and in enhanced fertilization rate. Catalase treatment impaired the light-induced stimulation in Ca2+ uptake and fertilization rate. Exogenous hydrogen peroxide was found to enhance Ca2+ uptake in mouse spermatozoa and the fertilizing capability of these cells in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that the effect of 630 nm He-Ne laser irradiation is mediated through the generation of hydrogen peroxide by the spermatozoa and that this effect plays a significant role in the augmentation of the sperm cells' capability to fertilize metaphase II-arrested eggs in-vitro.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 November 1996
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2929, Effects of Low-Power Light on Biological Systems II, (25 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.260003
Show Author Affiliations
Natalie Cohen, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)
Rachel Lubart, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)
Sara Rubinstein, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)
Haim Breitbart, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2929:
Effects of Low-Power Light on Biological Systems II
Giulio Jori; Tiina I. Karu, Editor(s)

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