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Proceedings Paper

Amplitude and phase beam characterization using a two-dimensional wavefront sensor
Author(s): Daniel R. Neal; William J. Alford; James K. Gruetzner; Mial E. Warren
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Paper Abstract

We have developed a two-dimensional Shack-Hartman wavefront sensor that uses binary optic lenslet arrays to directly measure the wavefront slope (phase gradient) and amplitude of the laser beam. This sensor uses an array of lenslets that dissects the beam into a number of samples. The focal spot location of each of these lenslets (measured by a CCD camera) is related to the incoming wavefront slope over the lenslet. By integrating these measurements over the laser aperture, the wavefront or phase distribution can be determined. Since the power focused by each lenslet is also easily determined, this allows a complete measurement of the intensity and phase distribution of the laser beam. Furthermore, all the information is obtained in a single measurement. Knowing the complete scalar field of the beam allows the detailed prediction of the actual beam's characteristics along its propagation path. In particular, the space-beamwidth product, M2, can be obtained in a single measurement. The intensity and phase information can be used in concert with information about other elements in the optical train to predict the beam size, shape, phase and other characteristics anywhere in the optical train. We present preliminary measurements of an Ar+ laser beam and associated M2 calculations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 November 1996
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2870, Third International Workshop on Laser Beam and Optics Characterization, (20 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.259947
Show Author Affiliations
Daniel R. Neal, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
William J. Alford, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
James K. Gruetzner, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Mial E. Warren, Sandia National Labs. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2870:
Third International Workshop on Laser Beam and Optics Characterization

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