Share Email Print
cover

Proceedings Paper

Microstructure, particle size, and x-ray analysis of PMN electroceramics
Author(s): Mark A. Ealey; George S. Surprenant
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

Multilayer actuators are being used in optical communications, large-scale telescopes, semiconductor processing, medical imaging, and a host of optical instruments which need submicron control. PMN multilayer actuators have hysteresis which is less than 1 percent, linearity which is better than 99 percent, and precision which is accurate to a few nanometers. Fundamental to the electrostrain and strength of the multilayer actuators is the ceramic microstructure. The particle size of the starting powders and the thermal processes used to densify the ceramic are key elements in producing a microstructure which provides reliable response at ever increasing applied electric fields.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 November 1996
PDF: 3 pages
Proc. SPIE 2865, Actuator Technology and Applications, (20 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.259041
Show Author Affiliations
Mark A. Ealey, Xinetics Inc. (United States)
George S. Surprenant, Xinetics Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2865:
Actuator Technology and Applications
Alson E. Hatheway, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top