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Proceedings Paper

Optimal transform coefficient selection for images
Author(s): David M. Baylon; Jae S. Lim
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Paper Abstract

An algorithm for methodically deriving rate-distortion points for transform coefficient selection schemes for images is presented. The idea is to iteratively generate a set of convex hulls from which a composite operational rate- distortion curve is derived. Although this approach can be used to generate optimal interior rate-distortion points, the complexity is high. A fast suboptimal approach is then proposed which is based upon a modified version of threshold selection. In the modified threshold selection algorithm, each transform block operates on a point along a non-convex rate-distortion curve which is generated from rank ordering of coefficients in the block. Simulations of this fast algorithm using finely quantized DCT coefficients from an image with separate coding of amplitudes and runlengths show that very good rate-distortion performance can be obtained. These simulations also suggest that the modified threshold selection curve tends to lie within the first few convex hulls generated from the composite shell method. The modified threshold selection algorithm provides a fast way for achieving good rate-distortion performance in transform coding systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 November 1996
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 2847, Applications of Digital Image Processing XIX, (14 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.258256
Show Author Affiliations
David M. Baylon, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)
Jae S. Lim, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2847:
Applications of Digital Image Processing XIX
Andrew G. Tescher, Editor(s)

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