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Proceedings Paper

HVS-motivated quantization schemes in wavelet image compression
Author(s): Pankaj N. Topiwala
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Paper Abstract

Wavelet still image compression has recently been a focus of intense research, and appears to be maturing as a subject. Considerable coding gains over older DCT-based methods have been achieved, while the computational complexity has been made very competitive. We report here on a high performance wavelet still image compression algorithm optimized for both mean-squared error (MSE) and human visual system (HVS) characteristics. We present the problem of optimal quantization from a Lagrange multiplier point of view, and derive novel solutions. Ideally, all three components of a typical image compression system: transform, quantization, and entropy coding, should be optimized simultaneously. However, the highly nonlinear nature of quantization and encoding complicates the formulation of the total cost function. In this report, we consider optimizing the filter, and then the quantizer, separately, holding the other two components fixed. While optimal bit allocation has been treated in the literature, we specifically address the issue of setting the quantization stepsizes, which in practice is quite different. In this paper, we select a short high- performance filter, develop an efficient scalar MSE- quantizer, and four HVS-motivated quantizers which add some value visually without incurring any MSE losses. A combination of run-length and empirically optimized Huffman coding is fixed in this study.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 November 1996
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2847, Applications of Digital Image Processing XIX, (14 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.258245
Show Author Affiliations
Pankaj N. Topiwala, MITRE Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2847:
Applications of Digital Image Processing XIX
Andrew G. Tescher, Editor(s)

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