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Proceedings Paper

Studies of yeast cell oxygenation and energetics by laser fluorometry of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
Author(s): Fu-shih Pan; Stephen Chen; Robert A. Mintzer; Chin-Tu Chen; Paul Schumacker
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Paper Abstract

It is of fundamental importance for biological scientists to assess cellular energetics. Under aerobic conditions, the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle) is coupled with the mitochondrial electron cascade pathway to provide the cell with energy. The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-conjugated pair (NAD and NADH) is the coenzyme in numerous important biomedical reactions which include several important dehydrogenase reactions in the TCA cycle. Based on Le Chatelier's principle, NADH will accumulate when this energy production mechanism is impaired. The relative amounts of NAD and NADH in a cell are defined as the redox state of the cell (Williamson et.al. 1967) which provides a valuable index of cellular energetics. The sum of the amounts of NAD and NADH in a cell may be assumed to be constant during a finite time; therefore, a reliable means of measuring the NADH concentration would provide us with a useful indicator of tissue viability. Traditionally, the quantities of NADH and NAD may be measured by chemical assay methods. We can avoid these tediois analyses by exploiting the significant difference between the ultraviolet absorption spectra of this redox pair. However, because of the opacity of biological samples and the interference of other biochemicals that also absorb ultraviolet radiation, measurement of NADH and NAD+ concentrations in vivo by absorption spectroscopy is not feasible.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 1991
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 1396, Applications of Optical Engineering: Proceedings of OE/Midwest '90, (1 March 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.25761
Show Author Affiliations
Fu-shih Pan, Univ. of Chicago Medical Ctr. (United States)
Stephen Chen, Univ. of Chicago Medical Ctr. (United States)
Robert A. Mintzer, Univ. of Chicago Medical Ctr. (United States)
Chin-Tu Chen, Univ. of Chicago Medical Ctr. (United States)
Paul Schumacker, Univ. of Chicago Medical Ctr. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1396:
Applications of Optical Engineering: Proceedings of OE/Midwest '90

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