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Proceedings Paper

Wideband interferometric sensing and imaging polarimetry, and its relevance to wide-area military surveillance and environmental monitoring of the terrestrial and planetary covers
Author(s): Wolfgang-Martin Boerner; James Salvatore Verdi
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Paper Abstract

WISIP: wideband interferometric sensing and imaging polarimetry has become an important, indispensable tool in wide area military surveillance and global environment monitoring of the terrestrial and planetary covers. It enables dynamic, real-time optimal feature extraction of significant characteristics of desirable targets and/or target sections with simultaneous suppression of undesirable background clutter and propagation path speckle at hitherto unknown clarity and never before achieved quality. WISIP may be adopted to the detection, recognition and identification (DRI) of any stationary, moving or vibrating target or distributed scatterer segments versus arbitrary stationary, dynamically changing and/or moving geo- physical/ecological environments, provided the instantaneous 2 by 2 phasor and 4 by 4 power density matrices for forward- propagation/backward-scattering, respectively, can be measured with sufficient accuracy. For example, the DRI of stealthy, dynamically moving and/or camouflaged stationary objects occluded deeply into heterogeneous stationary and/or camouflaged stationary inhomogeneous volumetric scatter environments such as precipitation scatter, the ocean sea/lake surface boundary layers, the littoral coastal surf zones, pack-ice and snow or vegetative canopies, dry sands and soils, etc., can now be successfully realized. A comprehensive overview is presented on how these modern high resolution/precision, complete polarimetric co-registered signature sensing and imaging techniques, complemented by full integration of novel navigational electronic tools, such as DGPS, will advance electromagnetic vector weave sensing and imaging towards the limits of physical realizability. Various examples utilizing most recent image data take sets of the NAWC/ERIM-P3-UWB-TOPIF'E-CATI/LTBL- POLSAR and NASA-JPL-AIRSAR airborne, the NASA/DARA/DASI-SIR- C/X-SAR shuttle, and the ESA ERS-1/2 satellite imaging systems will be presented for demonstrating the utility of WISIP.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 November 1996
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 2845, Radar Processing, Technology, and Applications, (5 November 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.257213
Show Author Affiliations
Wolfgang-Martin Boerner, Univ. of Illinois/Chicago (United States)
James Salvatore Verdi, Naval Air Warfare Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2845:
Radar Processing, Technology, and Applications
William J. Miceli, Editor(s)

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