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Proceedings Paper

Application of higher-order cepstral techniques in problems of fetal heart signal extraction
Author(s): Madiha Sabry-Rizk; Walid Zgallai; P. Hardiman; J. O'Riordan
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Paper Abstract

Recently, cepstral analysis based on second order statistics and homomorphic filtering techniques have been used in the adaptive decomposition of overlapping, or otherwise, and noise contaminated ECG complexes of mothers and fetals obtained by a transabdominal surface electrodes connected to a monitoring instrument, an interface card, and a PC. Differential time delays of fetal heart beats measured from a reference point located on the mother complex after transformation to cepstra domains are first obtained and this is followed by fetal heart rate variability computations. Homomorphic filtering in the complex cepstral domain and the subuent transformation to the time domain results in fetal complex recovery. However, three problems have been identified with second-order based cepstral techniques that needed rectification in this paper. These are (1) errors resulting from the phase unwrapping algorithms and leading to fetal complex perturbation, (2) the unavoidable conversion of noise statistics from Gaussianess to non-Gaussianess due to the highly non-linear nature of homomorphic transform does warrant stringent noise cancellation routines, (3) due to the aforementioned problems in (1) and (2), it is difficult to adaptively optimize windows to include all individual fetal complexes in the time domain based on amplitude thresholding routines in the complex cepstral domain (i.e. the task of `zooming' in on weak fetal complexes requires more processing time). The use of third-order based high resolution differential cepstrum technique results in recovery of the delay of the order of 120 milliseconds.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 October 1996
PDF: 17 pages
Proc. SPIE 2846, Advanced Signal Processing Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations VI, (22 October 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.255454
Show Author Affiliations
Madiha Sabry-Rizk, City Univ. (United Kingdom)
Walid Zgallai, City Univ. (United Kingdom)
P. Hardiman, North Middlesex Hospital (United Kingdom)
J. O'Riordan, North Middlesex Hospital (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2846:
Advanced Signal Processing Algorithms, Architectures, and Implementations VI
Franklin T. Luk, Editor(s)

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