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Proceedings Paper

Multiscale image enhancement of chromosome banding patterns
Author(s): Qiang Wu; Kenneth R. Castleman
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Paper Abstract

Visual examination of chromosome banding patterns is an important means of chromosome analysis. Cytogeneticists compare their patient's chromosome image against the prototype normal/abnormal human chromosome banding patterns. Automated chromosome analysis instruments facilitate this by digitally enhancing the chromosome images. Currently available systems employing traditional highpass/bandpass filtering and/or histogram equalization are approximately equivalent to photomicroscopy in their ability to support the detection of band pattern alterations. Improvements in chromosome image display quality, particularly in the detail of the banding pattern, would significantly increase the cost-effectiveness of these systems. In this paper we present our work on the use of multiscale transform and derivative filtering for image enhancement of chromosome banding patterns. A steerable pyramid representation of the chromosome image is generated by a multiscale transform. The derivative filters are designed to detect the bands of a chromosome, and the steerable pyramid transform is chosen based on its desirable properties of shift and rotation invariance. By processing the transform coefficients that correspond to the bands of the chromosome in the pyramid representation, contrast enhancement of the chromosome bands can be achieved with designed flexibility in scale, orientation and location. Compared with existing chromosome image enhancement techniques, this new approach offers the advantage of selective chromosome banding pattern enhancement that allows designated detail analysis. Experimental results indicate improved enhancement capabilities and promise more effective visual aid to comparison of chromosomes to the prototypes and to each other. This will increase the ability of automated chromosome analysis instruments to assist the evaluation of chromosome abnormalities in clinical samples.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 October 1996
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2825, Wavelet Applications in Signal and Image Processing IV, (23 October 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.255287
Show Author Affiliations
Qiang Wu, Perceptive Scientific Instruments, Inc. (United States)
Kenneth R. Castleman, Perceptive Scientific Instruments, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2825:
Wavelet Applications in Signal and Image Processing IV
Michael A. Unser; Akram Aldroubi; Andrew F. Laine, Editor(s)

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