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Proceedings Paper

Temperature and emissivity separation from Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) images
Author(s): Alan R. Gillespie; Tsuneo Matsunaga; Shuichi Rokugawa; Simon J. Hook
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Paper Abstract

The ASTER scanner on NASA's EOS-AM1 satellite (launch: 1998) will collect five channels of TIR data with an NE(Delta) T of less than or equal to 0.3 degrees Kelvin to estimate surface kinetic temperatures and emissivity spectra, especially over land, where emissivities are not known in advance. Temperature/emissivity separation (TES) is difficult because there are five measurements but six unknowns. Various approaches have been used to constrain the extra degree of freedom. ASTER's TES algorithm hybridizes three established algorithms, first estimating the temperature by the normalized emissivity method, and then using it to calculate emissivity band ratios. An empirical relationship predicts the minimum emissivity from the spectral contrast (min-max difference: MMD) of the ratioed values, permitting recovery of the emissivity spectrum. TES uses an iterative approach to remove reflected sky irradiance. Based on numerical simulation, TES can recover temperatures within about plus or minus 1.5 degrees Kelvin, and emissivities within about plus or minus 0.015. Limitations arise from the empirical relationship between emissivity values and spectral contrast, compensation for reflected sky irradiance, and ASTER's precision, calibration and atmospheric correction. Improvements of TES before launch will focus on refining the MMD relationship.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 October 1996
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 2817, Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing IV, (21 October 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.255172
Show Author Affiliations
Alan R. Gillespie, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Tsuneo Matsunaga, Geological Survey of Japan (Japan)
Shuichi Rokugawa, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Simon J. Hook, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2817:
Infrared Spaceborne Remote Sensing IV
Marija S. Scholl; Bjorn F. Andresen, Editor(s)

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