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A turn-on fluorescence-based fibre optic sensor for the detection of cadmium
Author(s): T. Hien Nguyen; Tong Sun; Kenneth T. V. Grattan
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Paper Abstract

A stable, compact and portable optical fibre sensor for the real time detection of cadmium ions in dilute aqueous media has been designed, developed and evaluated. The sensing mechanism was based on fluorescence turn-on of a coumarin (acting as the fluorophore) bearing a dipicolylamine moiety (acting as the metal ion receptor) in the presence of metal ions via photoinduced electron transfer (PET). The fluorophore was covalently immobilized onto the fibre surface by polymerisation and exhibited a significant increase in fluorescence intensity in response to Cd2+ in the μM concentration range. A referencing scheme allowing for corrections due to fluctuations of the excitation light and transmission properties of the optical fibre or environmental perturbation to the sensor system has been introduced using a highly stable perylene red based material as the internal reference. A high selectivity, excellent photo-stability and reversibility have also been demonstrated, making this type of sensor potentially well suited for in-situ monitoring of the metal in the environment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 August 2019
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 11199, Seventh European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors, 111991N (28 August 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2541332
Show Author Affiliations
T. Hien Nguyen, City, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
Tong Sun, City, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
Kenneth T. V. Grattan, City, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11199:
Seventh European Workshop on Optical Fibre Sensors
Kyriacos Kalli; Sinead O. O'Keeffe; Gilberto Brambilla, Editor(s)

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