Share Email Print

Proceedings Paper

High-gain wide-viewing-angle null-hot-spot optical diffuser useful for display screen application
Author(s): Hoang Yan Lin; Wann-Diiang Tyan; Ying Tsung Lu
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $14.40 $18.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

A high-gain, wide-viewing-angle optical diffuser without hot spots is presented. Such type of optical diffuser has potential applications in front and rear projection screens, LED display illumination, LCD backlights, beam homogenizer, etc. By shaping the diffused light pattern to be elliptical, high-gain is achieved by narrowing and thus enhancing 1D intensity distribution while the other dimension satisfies the wide-viewing-angle requirement. Optical diffuser can be implemented by illuminating a ground glass and recording the speckle pattern on a photoresist plate. Shaping the diffuser light pattern of resultant optical diffuser can be conveniently controlled by shaping the illuminating light pattern on ground glass. However the diffuser must be optimized such that hot spots can be totally eliminated. For surface relief optical diffusers, surface-roughness is the major factor affecting elimination of hot spots and, hence, efficiency of optical diffuser. Suitable exposure and development conditions for controlling surface roughness are investigated. After this recording process, a nickel plate is electro-formed from the photoresist plate. Under our design conditions, the nickel plate is measured to be with viewing-angle of 100 degree(s) horizontal X 40 degree(s) vertical (full angular width of 1/10 maximum) and gain of 5.24 (relative to 3M's wall screen). Hot spots are totally suppressed. Such plate can be used as master in industrial embossing processes for mass production. Controllability and simplicity in design and manufacture would make such optical diffuser very attractive for display screen as well as other applications mentioned above.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 September 1996
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2892, Display Devices and Systems, (30 September 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.253325
Show Author Affiliations
Hoang Yan Lin, Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan)
Wann-Diiang Tyan, Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan)
Ying Tsung Lu, Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2892:
Display Devices and Systems
Eric G. Lean; Zhiren Tian; Bao Gang Wu, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top