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Plant species concentration estimation using multispectral remote sensing images
Author(s): Anna Y. Denisova; Anna A. Egorova; Vladislav V. Sergeyev
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Paper Abstract

Special forensic examinations of vegetation areas become an important part of the practice preceding to different land rearrangement activities for the purposes of environmental conservation and rational land use. A traditional approach to such examinations includes laborious ground surveys and produces approximate damage estimations for the large sites. Fortunately, remote sensing (RS) data delivers impressive opportunities to simplify the examinations and increase their accuracy. Thus, the substitution of the traditional ground-survey based methods with RS-data oriented technologies is an important problem. In this paper, we propose a method for plant species concentration (PSC) estimation using RS images that can be applied in special forensic examinations of vegetation areas. PSC is one of the key factors indicating vegetation area status. PSC describes a fraction of the land area covered by the plants of particular species. For example, a tree concentration in the agricultural fields indicates the time elapsed from the last processing date and may be useful for abandoned-field determination. The proposed method assumes that the examined area contains a finite number of target vegetation classes. The expert puts several points in the image for each class without exhaustive border delineation to define typical class representatives. Then, the superpixel segmentation and feature extraction algorithm with further kmeans clustering are used to get the entire study-area classification. Finally, PSC is computed as the elementary vegetation class concentration. Keeping in mind abandoned-field determination, we evaluated our method with simulated and real RS images containing four classes: sparse grass, low grass, high grass, and trees. We found that shadows should be defined as a separate class to minimize estimation errors in real images. Moreover, the superpixel segmentation increases the PSC accuracy by 28% with respect to simple per-pixel clustering. Thus, the experimental results proved the applicability of our method for PSC estimation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 June 2019
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 11174, Seventh International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2019), 111740B (27 June 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2531806
Show Author Affiliations
Anna Y. Denisova, Samara National Research Univ. (Russian Federation)
Anna A. Egorova, Samara National Research Univ. (Russian Federation)
Vladislav V. Sergeyev, Samara National Research Univ. (Russian Federation)
Image Processing Systems Institute (Russian Federation)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11174:
Seventh International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2019)
Kyriacos Themistocleous; Giorgos Papadavid; Silas Michaelides; Vincent Ambrosia; Diofantos G. Hadjimitsis, Editor(s)

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