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The Origins Space Telescope
Author(s): D. Leisawitz; E. Amatucci; L. Allen; J. Arenberg; L. Armus; C. Battersby; B. G. Beaman; J. Bauer; R. Bell; P. Beltran; D. Benford; E. Bergin; J. Bolognese; C. M. Bradford; D. Bradley; D. Burgarella; S. Carey; R. Carter; J. D. Chi; A. Cooray; J. Corsetti; T. D'Asto; E. De Beck; K. Denis; C. Derkacz; L. Dewell; M. DiPirro; C. P. Earle; M. East; S. Edgington; K. Ennico; L. Fantano; G. Feller; A. Flores; D. Folta; J. Fortney; B. J. Gavares; J. Generie; M. Gerin; Z. Granger; T. P. Greene; A. Griffiths; G. Harpole; K. Harvey; F. Helmich; G. Helou; L. Hilliard; J. Howard; M. Jacoby; A. Jamil; T. Jamison; L. Kaltenegger; T. Kataria; J. S. Knight; P. Knollenberg; C. Lawrence; P. Lightsey; S. Lipscy; C. Lynch; E. Mamajek; G. Martins; J. C. Mather; M. Meixner; G. Melnick; S. Milam; T. Mooney; S. H. Moseley; D. Narayanan; S. Neff; T. Nguyen; A. Nordt; J. Olson; D. Padgett; M. Petach; S. Petro; J. Pohner; K. Pontoppidan; A. Pope; D. Ramspacher; A. Rao; G. Rieke; M. Rieke; T. Roellig; I. Sakon; C. Sandin; K. Sandstrom; D. Scott; L. Seals; K. Sheth; J. Staguhn; J. Steeves; K. Stevenson; L. Stokowski; E. Stoneking; K. Su; K. Tajdaran; S. Tompkins; J. Turner; J. Vieira; C. Webster; M. Wiedner; E. L. Wright; C. Wu; J. Zmuidzinas
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Paper Abstract

The Origins Space Telescope will trace the history of our origins from the time dust and heavy elements permanently altered the cosmic landscape to present-day life. How did galaxies evolve from the earliest galactic systems to those found in the universe today? How do habitable planets form? How common are life-bearing worlds? To answer these alluring questions, Origins will operate at mid- and far-infrared wavelengths and offer powerful spectroscopic instruments and sensitivity three orders of magnitude better than that of Herschel, the largest telescope flown in space to date. After a 3 ½ year study, the Origins Science and Technology Definition Team will recommend to the Decadal Survey a concept for Origins with a 5.9-m diameter telescope cryocooled to 4.5 K and equipped with three scientific instruments. A mid-infrared instrument (MISC-T) will measure the spectra of transiting exoplanets in the 2.8 – 20 μm wavelength range and offer unprecedented sensitivity, enabling definitive biosignature detections. The Far-IR Imager Polarimeter (FIP) will be able to survey thousands of square degrees with broadband imaging at 50 and 250 μm. The Origins Survey Spectrometer (OSS) will cover wavelengths from 25 – 588 μm, make wide-area and deep spectroscopic surveys with spectral resolving power R ~ 300, and pointed observations at R ~ 40,000 and 300,000 with selectable instrument modes. Origins was designed to minimize complexity. The telescope has a Spitzer-like architecture and requires very few deployments after launch. The cryo-thermal system design leverages JWST technology and experience. A combination of current-state-of-the-art cryocoolers and next-generation detector technology will enable Origins’ natural backgroundlimited sensitivity.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 September 2019
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 11115, UV/Optical/IR Space Telescopes and Instruments: Innovative Technologies and Concepts IX, 111150Q (9 September 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2530514
Show Author Affiliations
D. Leisawitz, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
E. Amatucci, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
L. Allen, L3Harris Technologies, Inc. (United States)
J. Arenberg, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (United States)
L. Armus, IPAC (United States)
C. Battersby, Univ. of Connecticut (United States)
B. G. Beaman, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
J. Bauer, Univ. of Maryland, College Park (United States)
R. Bell, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co. (United States)
P. Beltran, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
D. Benford, NASA Headquarters (United States)
E. Bergin, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
J. Bolognese, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
C. M. Bradford, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
D. Bradley, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
D. Burgarella, Lab. d'Astrophysique de Marseille (France)
S. Carey, IPAC (United States)
R. Carter, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
J. D. Chi, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (United States)
A. Cooray, Univ. of California, Irvine (United States)
J. Corsetti, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
T. D'Asto, ATA Aerospace, LLC (United States)
E. De Beck, Chalmers Univ. of Technology (Sweden)
K. Denis, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
C. Derkacz, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
InuTeq, LLC (United States)
L. Dewell, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co. (United States)
M. DiPirro, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
C. P. Earle, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
M. East, L3Harris Technologies, Inc. (United States)
S. Edgington, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co. (United States)
K. Ennico, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
L. Fantano, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
G. Feller, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co. (United States)
A. Flores, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
D. Folta, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
J. Fortney, Univ. of California, Santa Cruz (United States)
B. J. Gavares, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Orbital ATK (United States)
J. Generie, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
M. Gerin, Sorbonne Univ., Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, LERMA (France)
Z. Granger, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co. (United States)
T. P. Greene, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
A. Griffiths, The Univ. of Nottingham (United Kingdom)
G. Harpole, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (United States)
K. Harvey, L3Harris Technologies, Inc. (United States)
F. Helmich, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
G. Helou, IPAC (United States)
L. Hilliard, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
J. Howard, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
M. Jacoby, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co. (United States)
A. Jamil, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
T. Jamison, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
L. Kaltenegger, Cornell Univ. (United States)
T. Kataria, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
J. S. Knight, Ball Aerospace (United States)
P. Knollenberg, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (United States)
C. Lawrence, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
P. Lightsey, Ball Aerospace (United States)
S. Lipscy, Ball Aerospace (United States)
C. Lynch, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
InuTeq, LLC (United States)
E. Mamajek, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
G. Martins, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
J. C. Mather, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
M. Meixner, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Space Telescope Science Institute (United States)
G. Melnick, Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. for Astrophysics (United States)
S. Milam, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
T. Mooney, L3Harris Technologies, Inc. (United States)
S. H. Moseley, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
D. Narayanan, Univ. of Florida (United States)
S. Neff, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
T. Nguyen, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (United States)
A. Nordt, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co. (United States)
J. Olson, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co. (United States)
D. Padgett, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
M. Petach, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (United States)
S. Petro, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
J. Pohner, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems (United States)
K. Pontoppidan, Space Telescope Science Institute (United States)
A. Pope, Univ. of Massachusetts Amherst (United States)
D. Ramspacher, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
A. Rao, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
G. Rieke, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
M. Rieke, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
T. Roellig, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
I. Sakon, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
C. Sandin, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
K. Sandstrom, Univ. of California, San Diego (United States)
D. Scott, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
L. Seals, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
K. Sheth, NASA Headquarters (United States)
J. Staguhn, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
J. Steeves, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
K. Stevenson, Space Telescope Science Institute (United States)
L. Stokowski, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co. (United States)
E. Stoneking, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
K. Su, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
K. Tajdaran, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co. (United States)
S. Tompkins, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
J. Turner, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
J. Vieira, Univ. of Illinois (United States)
C. Webster, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
M. Wiedner, Observatoire de Paris (France)
E. L. Wright, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
C. Wu, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
J. Zmuidzinas, Caltech (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11115:
UV/Optical/IR Space Telescopes and Instruments: Innovative Technologies and Concepts IX
Allison A. Barto; James B. Breckinridge; H. Philip Stahl, Editor(s)

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