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Direction-dependent lasing under dynamic parity-time symmetry (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Yao Duan; Xingjie Ni

Paper Abstract

A Hamiltonian H satisfies parity-time (PT) symmetry if it commutes with combination of parity operator P and time-reversal operator T, i.e., HPT=PTH. Currently, PT symmetric H is widely incarnated by symmetric refractive index profile n(x)=n(-x) and anti-symmetric gain and loss profile g(x)=-g(-x) in optical systems. Its eigenvalue can spontaneously transit from real to imaginary eigenvalues as |g(x)| increases, identified as PT symmetric or PT broken phase. This peculiarity has been utilized for inducing asymmetric mode coupling to achieve directional light transport [1], low-power optical diode [2], etc. However, all these structures can not be used for any nonreciprocal devices since their modes can always find pathways to scatter back to the input under symmetric scattering matrix [3]. Here, we introduce a magnetic-free dynamic modulation of gain and loss profile in an on-chip micro-ring resonator to break reciprocity. Applying a moving grating of alternating gain and loss along the azimuthal direction of the ring, the original degeneracy between clockwise whispering gallery mode (WGM) and the counter-clockwise one will be removed in the PT broken phase. With that, two laser emission of different frequencies can be simultaneously extracted by a bus waveguide to each end, respectively, where the frequency detuning is controlled by the modulation. Benefit from the PT symmetry of the system, the lasing threshold can be tailored by the strength of dynamic modulation. Our study pointed out a new viable way for on-chip integration of lasing sources which can generate and separate different emission frequencies simultaneously. [1]. Z. Lin, H. Ramezani, T. Eichelkraut, T. Kottos, H. Cao, and D. N. Christodoulides, “Unidirectional invisibility induced by p t-symmetric periodic structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 213901 (2011). [2]. H. Ramezani, T. Kottos, R. El-Ganainy, and D. N. Christodoulides, “Unidirectional nonlinear pt-symmetric optical structures,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 043803 (2010). [3]. S. Fan, R. Baets, A. Petrov, Z. Yu, J. D. Joannopoulos, W. Freude, A. Melloni, M. Popovic, M. Vanwolleghem, D. Jalas et al., “Comment on ”nonreciprocal light propagation in a silicon photonic circuit”,” science 335, 38–38 (2012).

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 September 2019
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Proc. SPIE 11080, Metamaterials, Metadevices, and Metasystems 2019, 110800A (9 September 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2530153
Show Author Affiliations
Yao Duan, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Xingjie Ni, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11080:
Metamaterials, Metadevices, and Metasystems 2019
Nader Engheta; Mikhail A. Noginov; Nikolay I. Zheludev, Editor(s)

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