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The primary mirror of the ARIEL mission: study of thermal, figuring, and finishing treatments and optical characterization of Al 6061 samples mirrors
Author(s): Paolo Chioetto; Vania Da Deppo; Paola Zuppella; Emanuele Pace; Gianluca Morgante; Luca Terenzi; Daniele Brienza; Emiliano Diolaiti; Matteo Lombini; Fausto Cortecchia; Nadia Missaglia; Giovanni Bianucci; Sebastiano Spinelli; Giuseppe Malaguti; Giuseppina Micela
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Paper Abstract

Atmospheric Remote-Sensing Infrared Exoplanet Large Survey (ARIEL) is the M4 ESA mission to launch in 2028. ARIEL is based on a 1 m class telescope optimized for spectroscopy in the waveband between 1.95 μm and 7.8 μm (main instrument), operating in cryogenic conditions in the range 50 - 60 K. For the main mirror substrate, the Aluminum 6061 alloy has been chosen as baseline material after a trade- off. The large size of the mirror however (0.6 square meters) presents specific production challenges concerning opto-mechanical stability in cryogenic applications. To minimize risk, the machining, polishing, thermal treatments and coating processes will first be tested on flat samples of 150 mm of diameter and then applied to a full-size demonstrator mirror, before finalizing the design and producing the flight mirror. This study, following a review of existing literature on fabrication of Al 6061 mirrors for spaceborne IR applications will characterize the optical properties of the samples after each phase of thermal treatment with the goal of determining an optimal process for material stress release, figuring and surface finishing and final optical stability in the operating cryogenic environment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 September 2019
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 11116, Astronomical Optics: Design, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems II, 111161C (9 September 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2528461
Show Author Affiliations
Paolo Chioetto, CNR-Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (Italy)
Univ. degli studi di Padova (Italy)
INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova (Italy)
Vania Da Deppo, CNR-Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (Italy)
INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova (Italy)
Paola Zuppella, CNR-Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie (Italy)
INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova (Italy)
Emanuele Pace, Univ. degli Studi di Firenze (Italy)
Gianluca Morgante, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (Italy)
Luca Terenzi, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (Italy)
Daniele Brienza, INAF-Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali (Italy)
Emiliano Diolaiti, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (Italy)
Matteo Lombini, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (Italy)
Fausto Cortecchia, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (Italy)
Nadia Missaglia, Media Lario S.r.l. (Italy)
Giovanni Bianucci, Media Lario S.r.l. (Italy)
Sebastiano Spinelli, Media Lario S.r.l. (Italy)
Giuseppe Malaguti, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (Italy)
Giuseppina Micela, INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo Giuseppe S. Vaiana (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11116:
Astronomical Optics: Design, Manufacture, and Test of Space and Ground Systems II
Tony B. Hull; Dae Wook Kim; Pascal Hallibert, Editor(s)

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