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Mild hyperthermia enhances drug accumulation and photodynamic therapy efficacy
Author(s): Samir V. Jenkins; Klressa D. Barnes; Gal Shafirstein; Robert J. Griffin
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Paper Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of tumors relies on the delivery of a photosensitizer to the tumor site followed by external laser activation. The effectiveness of the therapy is determined by the fluence and irradiation of the laser, intratumoral photosensitizer retention, and availability of molecular oxygen. We hypothesized that retention and resulting therapeutic response may be improved with local hyperthermia. Tumors were grown in the rear limb then locally heated for 1 hour at 42.5 °C immediately following i.v. injection of the photosensitizer in an immunocompetent murine model. Laser exposure was applied at 2 h or 24 h after the heating session. Administration of heating caused a significant growth delay when a single laser treatment was applied only 2 hours following injection. However, in animals given photosensitizer only and irradiated 2 h later there was no measurable anti-tumor effect observed. The marked anti-tumor effects obtained with prior local hyperthermia were observed even as the dose was lowered from 10 mg/kg to 1.3 mg/kg. Additionally, histological analysis of our intial studies revealed that the majority of the tumor tissue (~75%) was necrotic after two days when heat was combined with PDT, while PDT alone resulted in only ~25% necrotic tissue. Additionally, a significant, though less notable, increase in the efficacy was observed if the laser treatment was applied 24 hours after hyperthermia and photosensitizer administration. This increase is in part ascribed to the increased retention of the photosensitizer in the tumor tissue and likely lasting effects on tumor blood flow and oxygenation in the heated vs. control groups.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 August 2019
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 11070, 17th International Photodynamic Association World Congress, 1107046 (7 August 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2526182
Show Author Affiliations
Samir V. Jenkins, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)
Klressa D. Barnes, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)
Gal Shafirstein, Roswell Park Cancer Institute (United States)
Robert J. Griffin, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11070:
17th International Photodynamic Association World Congress
Tayyaba Hasan, Editor(s)

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