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5-aminolevulinic acid as a potential contrast agent for image-guided surgery in pancreatic cancer
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Paper Abstract

Introduction: Pancreatic cancer often recurs following surgery suggesting new operative approaches are required. Fluorescence-guided surgery aims to assist surgeons in identifying tumour intraoperatively to facilitate complete resection. However, the ideal contrast agent for this purpose is not yet determined. The Rose criterion states that accurate imageguided surgery requires a Tumour-to-Background Ratio of contrast agent greater than 5. We investigated the potential of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) for this purpose. Methods: Pancreatic cancer cell lines CFPAC-1 and PANC-1 were compared with the control pancreatic ductal cell line H6c7. Cells were seeded on day 1 and fluorescence measured on day 4 following 4, 8, 24 or 48 hours incubation with 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 or 1.00mM ALA. Fluorescence was measured using a plate reader and microscopy. Results: The maximum ALA-induced fluorescence for CFPAC-1 and PANC-1 was achieved after 48 hours incubation with 0.50mM ALA. Compared to cells incubated without ALA, a relative fluorescence increase of 39.4-fold in CFPAC-1 and 2.7-fold in PANC-1 was seen. ALA concentrations above 0.50mM did not result in higher fluorescence. In contrast, the control cell line H6c7 showed progressively increasing fluorescence with increasing ALA concentrations. The highest cancer/control cell fluorescence ratios for ALA were after 48 hours incubation with 0.25mM ALA; 122.9 in CFPAC-1 and 9.7 in PANC-1. Conclusion: ALA-induced fluorescence in CFPAC-1 is significantly higher than the control cell line H6c7. PANC-1 achieved only mildly increased fluorescence compared to H6c7. ALA has the potential to provide an adequate level of fluorescence for image-guided pancreatic surgery in ALA-susceptible cancers.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 August 2019
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 11070, 17th International Photodynamic Association World Congress, 110704R (7 August 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2525084
Show Author Affiliations
Peter L. Labib, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Elnaz Yaghini, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Brian R. Davidson, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Alexander J. MacRobert, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Stephen P. Pereira, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11070:
17th International Photodynamic Association World Congress
Tayyaba Hasan, Editor(s)

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