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Experimental study of the air-knife thermal control system for a large-aperture primary mirror
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Paper Abstract

The thermal induced effect errors including the surface distortion of heated mirror and micro-thermal turbulence fluctuation at the optical surface dramatically degrade the image quality of the telescope. To address the problem, we have proposed an air-knife system consisting of an annular flushing subsystem and a central sucking subsystem and reported its simulation analysis. This paper presents the detailed experimental performance of the air-knife thermal control system. The scaling experiment is conducted in a thermo-cycling experiment room with different environmental conditions, where the temperature fluctuations and wavefront perturbation of the scaling mirror can be accurately measured. It is shown from the experimental results that the approximately laminar forced air flow at the optical surface does blow away the turbulence fluctuation and not induce novel low order wavefront aberrations. Meanwhile, the air knife system contributes to the stability of the thermal boundary layer and enhances the convective heat exchange between mirror and air around. As a result, the air-knife system significantly decreases the surface-to-air temperature difference and improves the image quality with a thermal response. Furthermore, it is found that thermal control efficiency is less significant with the increase of the air intake flow or the decrease of the surface-to-air temperature difference. The scaling experiment results demonstrate the practicability of the air-knife thermal control system for large-aperture primary mirror.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 May 2019
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 11068, Second Symposium on Novel Technology of X-Ray Imaging, 110681E (10 May 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2524490
Show Author Affiliations
Yufeng Tan, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Jihong Wang, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Ge Ren, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Zongliang Xie, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Xiaoli Ren, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
Li Dong, Institute of Optics and Electronics (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11068:
Second Symposium on Novel Technology of X-Ray Imaging
Yangchao Tian; Tiqiao Xiao; Peng Liu, Editor(s)

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