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The OAM transmission fiber based on step-index and graded-index refractive distribution
Author(s): Yanan Kang; Yana Shang; Fufei Pang; Na Chen; Yanhua Dong; Lingmin Xu; Zhenyi Chen
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Paper Abstract

Optical fiber is an important transmission medium in optical communication system. We have designed circular stepindex fiber and circular graded-index fiber for Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM) transmission. And we calculate the existing vector modes in fiber through the software COMSOL Multiphysics. The step-index fiber has a high refractive index ring which doped with PbS quantum dots between the core and the cladding. And the refractive index difference between the ring and the cladding reaches 0.035, which weaken the degeneracy of adjacent eigenmodes. Numerical analyses show the step-index ring core fiber can support the long-distance transmission for the OAM mode of |L|=1,5,6,7 in the wavelength range of 1530nm to 1565nm (|L| refers to the mode order of orbital angular momentum, called topological charge). In order to enhance its stability, we adjust the ring to be a graded refractive index profile, which increases the effective refractive index difference between the vector modes from the same mode order. This fiber design not only increases transmission stability, but also has a better manufacturing process than the step -index fiber. From the simulation results, we can find that the graded-index fiber with a gradation rate α =8 provides a relatively large effective refractive difference. The effective refractive difference is 1.68 × 10−4 , 1.42 × 10−4 and 2.44 × 10−4 respectively corresponding to L=1, 5, and 6 at a wavelength of 1550 nm. While the effective refractive index difference is 1.65 × 10−4 , 0.9 × 10−4 and 1.52 × 10−4 for the step-index optical fiber.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 February 2019
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 11048, 17th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN2018), 110484H (14 February 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2522637
Show Author Affiliations
Yanan Kang, Shanghai Univ. (China)
Yana Shang, Shanghai Univ. (China)
Fufei Pang, Shanghai Univ. (China)
Na Chen, Shanghai Univ. (China)
Yanhua Dong, Shanghai Univ. (China)
Lingmin Xu, Shanghai Univ. (China)
Zhenyi Chen, Shanghai Univ. (China)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11048:
17th International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN2018)
Zhaohui Li, Editor(s)

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