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Quantum information processing with macroscopic two-component Bose-Einstein condensates
Author(s): Alexey N. Pyrkov; Tim Byrnes
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Paper Abstract

Two component Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) have been recently shown to be viable systems for storing and manipulating quantum information. Unlike standard single-particle qubits, the quantum information is duplicated in a large number of identical bosonic particles, thus can be considered to be a macroscopic qubit. The duplication of the quantum information makes them potentially more robust than conventional qubits, where all the quantum information is lost with a single error. It has been shown theoretically and experimentally that such ensembles can be used in many ways the same way as a standard qubit: they can be visualized on the Bloch sphere, and can be manipulated analogously to standard qubits. On the other hand, the BEC qubits do not have genuine interaction between each other and one of the main difficulties with such a system is how to effectively interact them together in order to transfer quantum information and create entanglement. Furthermore, the larger Hilbert space of the macroscopic bosonic system does not allow for unique mapping of standard quantum algorithms. However, in a few past years the main building blocks of quantum information processing and several quantum algorithms were translated to the BEC qubits. In this paper we give a brief colloquium of the current achievements and outline new perspectives of the use of BEC qubits and spin-coherent ensembles for quantum technologies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2019
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 11022, International Conference on Micro- and Nano-Electronics 2018, 110222H (15 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2522432
Show Author Affiliations
Alexey N. Pyrkov, Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics RAS (Russian Federation)
Tim Byrnes, New York Univ. Shanghai/East China Normal Univ. (China)
National Institute of Informatics (Japan)
New York Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11022:
International Conference on Micro- and Nano-Electronics 2018
Vladimir F. Lukichev; Konstantin V. Rudenko, Editor(s)

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