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Influence of liquid crystal cladding on light propagation in a tapered optical fiber
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Paper Abstract

The research is based on properties of a tapered optical fiber, ability to influence external factors on the propagating light beam in the fiber and anisotropic properties of the liquid crystal (LC) mixture that surrounds a tapered region. The combination of these elements is possible by creating a liquid crystal cell consisting of a layer orientating a liquid crystal (LC) between conductive layers. In that type of a sandwich construction, we can change the orientation of LC molecules under influence of the applied electrical voltage. The second interesting feature of LC is change in a structure that results from the degree of molecules’ alignment. When temperature rises, structure of LC changes from smectic through nematic to an isotropic liquid. Both the molecules orientation as well as the LC structure changes modified a refractive index of structure, which directly affects the propagating light beam in a tapered optical fiber. The spectral characteristics in the 500 -1100 nm range for a LC cell filled with a mixture of 1550* oriented orthogonally to the cross section of the tapered optical fiber are presented. Changes on spectral characteristics depended on manipulation of such parameters as: electrical voltage (0-200 V), frequency (1-10 Hz), shape of electrical signal, and time course for different voltage in the range 20-180 V.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2019
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 11045, Optical Fibers and Their Applications 2018, 110450H (15 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2522199
Show Author Affiliations
J. E. Moś, Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna im. Jaroslawa Dabrowskiego (Poland)
K. A. Stasiewicz, Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna im. Jaroslawa Dabrowskiego (Poland)
M. Florek, Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna im. Jaroslawa Dabrowskiego (Poland)
L. R. Jaroszewicz, Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna im. Jaroslawa Dabrowskiego (Poland)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11045:
Optical Fibers and Their Applications 2018
Ryszard S. Romaniuk; Waldemar Wójcik; Andrzej Smolarz, Editor(s)

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