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Optimization of hardware and image processing for improved image quality in x-ray phase contrast imaging
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Paper Abstract

High-quality image products in an X-Ray Phase Contrast Imaging (XPCI) system can be produced with proper system hardware and data acquisition. However, it may be possible to further increase the quality of the image products by addressing subtleties and imperfections in both hardware and the data acquisition process. Noting that addressing these issues entirely in hardware and data acquisition may not be practical, a more prudent approach is to determine the balance of how the apparatus may reasonably be improved and what can be accomplished with image post-processing techniques. Given a proper signal model for XPCI data, image processing techniques can be developed to compensate for many of the image quality degradations associated with higher-order hardware and data acquisition imperfections. However, processing techniques also have limitations and cannot entirely compensate for sub-par hardware or inaccurate data acquisition practices. Understanding system and image processing technique limitations enables balancing between hardware, data acquisition, and image post-processing. In this paper, we present some of the higher-order image degradation effects we have found associated with subtle imperfections in both hardware and data acquisition. We also discuss and demonstrate how a combination of hardware, data acquisition processes, and image processing techniques can increase the quality of XPCI image products. Finally, we assess the requirements for high-quality XPCI images and propose reasonable system hardware modifications and the limits of certain image processing techniques.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 May 2019
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 10999, Anomaly Detection and Imaging with X-Rays (ADIX) IV, 109990S (14 May 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2521837
Show Author Affiliations
Amber L. Dagel, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
R. Derek West, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Ryan N. Goodner, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Steven Grover, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Collin Epstein, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Kyle Thompson, Sandia National Labs. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10999:
Anomaly Detection and Imaging with X-Rays (ADIX) IV
Amit Ashok; Joel A. Greenberg; Michael E. Gehm, Editor(s)

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