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New possibilities of post-blast residues analysis in forensic science
Author(s): Marek Kotrlý; Ales Eisner; Ivo Beroun; Karel Ventura; Ivana Turková
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Paper Abstract

Non-standard and homemade explosives can represent a certain risk for security units as the result of their, practically, unlimited variability both in content and in the construction of explosive objects. Identification of matters that have already gone through an explosion can be problematic. The number of different combinations is really high and it is not difficult to obtain precise and functional instructions for production and the construction itself is quite easy. That is why a few-years-long project was commenced the aim of which is to obtain new complex analytical data of improvised explosives residues. A whole range of experimental substances was selected for experiments including liquid explosives that can be prepared fast and easily. Experimental explosions are carried out on a freshly ploughed soil of dumps of open pit mines (where explosives are not used for mining) to avoid possible contamination. After the explosion, the residues from the stub are analyzed in a standard way and a complex analysis of both organic and inorganic phase is carried out. For selected non-stoichiometric mixtures, explosion characteristics are further calculated unless they are already known. Analysis of post-blast residues of non-standard and homemade compounds is usually started with the SEM analysis. Concerning the character of the data obtained in the frameworks of the project, a special information system is programmed. All the data obtained are entered into this system. The information system is a database layer allowing data to be entered, classified and analysed. The system shall serve the Forensic Laboratories and Expert Services of the Police of the Czech Republic and other specialized units.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 May 2019
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11012, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XXIV, 1101212 (10 May 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2519118
Show Author Affiliations
Marek Kotrlý, Institute of Criminalistics Prague (Czech Republic)
Charles Univ. in Prague (Czech Republic)
Ales Eisner, Univ. of Pardubice (Czech Republic)
Ivo Beroun, Institute of Criminalistics Prague (Czech Republic)
Karel Ventura, Univ. of Pardubice (Czech Republic)
Ivana Turková, Institute of Criminalistics Prague (Czech Republic)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11012:
Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XXIV
Steven S. Bishop; Jason C. Isaacs, Editor(s)

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