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A study on smart online frame forging attacks against Video Surveillance System
Author(s): Deeraj Nagothu; Jacob Schwell; Yu Chen; Erik Blasch; Sencun Zhu
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Paper Abstract

Video Surveillance Systems (VSS) have become an essential infrastructural element of smart cities by increasing public safety and countering criminal activities. A VSS is normally deployed in a secure network to prevent the access from unauthorized personnel. Compared to traditional systems that continuously record video regardless of the actions in the frame, a smart VSS has the capability of capturing video data upon motion detection or object detection, and then extracts essential information and send to users. This increasing design complexity of the surveillance system, however, also introduces new security vulnerabilities. In this work, a smart, real-time frame duplication attack is investigated. We show the feasibility of forging the video streams in real-time as the camera’s surroundings change. The generated frames are compared constantly and instantly to identify changes in the pixel values that could represent motion detection or changes in light intensities outdoors. An attacker (intruder) can remotely trigger the replay of some previously duplicated video streams manually or automatically, via a special quick response (QR) code or when the face of an intruder appear in the camera field of view. A detection technique is proposed by leveraging the real-time electrical network frequency (ENF) reference database to match with the power grid frequency.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 2019
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 11017, Sensors and Systems for Space Applications XII, 110170L (28 May 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2519005
Show Author Affiliations
Deeraj Nagothu, Binghamton Univ. (United States)
Jacob Schwell, Binghamton Univ. (United States)
Yu Chen, Binghamton Univ. (United States)
Erik Blasch, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Sencun Zhu, Penn State Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11017:
Sensors and Systems for Space Applications XII
Genshe Chen; Khanh D. Pham, Editor(s)

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