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Through-wall k-band and v-band synthetic aperture radar imaging of building structures and utility infrastructure
Author(s): Claire M. Watts; Andreas Pedross-Engel; Matthew S. Reynolds
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Paper Abstract

We demonstrate active millimeter wave (mmWave) 3D synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging through common building and construction materials. Human-safe mmWaves penetrate many non-metallic construction materials to a surprising degree, allowing for non-destructive structural and utility integrity analysis. We demonstrate that mmWave imaging can be used to locate pipes, electrical wiring, wood and metal studs, rebar, and other structural elements and utility infrastructure embedded in building walls. Millimeter wave imaging can also be used to find contraband items hidden inside walls. In addition, liquid water strongly reflects mmWave energy, allowing the localization of potential leaks. We present K-Band (15 - 26:5 GHz) and V-Band (50 - 65 GHz) 3D SAR images of brick, drywall, tile, wood, and concrete wall test structures. Imaging was performed using a 2D raster scan of a bistatic horn antenna pair, yielding a 3D SAR image with a voxel resolution of approximately 1.5 cm (K-band) and 5 mm (V-band).

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 May 2019
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 10994, Passive and Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging XXII, 1099408 (13 May 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2518806
Show Author Affiliations
Claire M. Watts, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Andreas Pedross-Engel, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Matthew S. Reynolds, Univ. of Washington (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10994:
Passive and Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging XXII
David A. Wikner; Duncan A. Robertson, Editor(s)

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