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Extended depth of field adaptive scanning optical microscope (Conference Presentation)
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Paper Abstract

An adaptive scanning optical microscope with extended depth of field (ASOM-EDOF) is described. The system is based on the ASOM developed previously*, and uses a custom-built Thorlabs 0.21NA objective with a 75mm pupil diameter that allows scanned imaging over a circular region of 40mm diameter using fast steering mirror. The microscope is configured for fluorescence imaging with epi-illumination. A 140 actuator, 5.5µm stroke DM is conjugated to the pupil of the objective, and is used in conjunction with a Shack Hartmann wavefront sensor in an adaptive optics loop to measure and compensate errors of the objective as a function of nominal scan angle. At a given scan angle, the microscope camera forms an image of a 200µm x 200µm region with resolution of about 1.4µm. Images recorded at different scan angles can be stitched together to form a larger image mosaic. At each scan angle, the DM has been calibrated not only to compensate astatic aberrations, but also to perform an axial focal sweep: changing shape from concave to convex at high speed during a single camera exposure. This type of extended depth of field (EDOF) imaging (without aberration compensation) has been reported previously**. By combining these two techniques (ASOM and EDOF), a single recorded camera frame includes in-focus light from objects at depths from the nominal objective focus to depths +/-250µm from that focus, corresponding to an extension of the depth of focus by a factor of 100x for this microscope. The image also includes out-of-focus light from all depths. After a simple deconvolution, one can recover the in-focus light from all swept layers, condensed into a 2D image. Calibration details and performance metrics are described, along with example images from large volumetric samples. *Potsaid B, Wen JTY, “Adaptive scanning optical microscope: large field of view and high-resolution imaging using a MEMS deformable mirror,” Journal of Micro-Nanolithography Mems and Moems, [7], 10, (2008). **Shain WJ, Vickers NA, Goldberg BB, Bifano T, Mertz J, “Extended depth-of-field microscopy with a high-speed deformable mirror,” Optics Letters, [42], 995-998, (2017).

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2019
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Proc. SPIE 10886, Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems V, 108860A (4 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2514578
Show Author Affiliations
Thomas G. Bifano, Boston Univ. (United States)
Huate Li, Boston Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10886:
Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems V
Thomas G. Bifano; Sylvain Gigan; Na Ji, Editor(s)

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