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Sensor data reconstruction and anomaly detection using bidirectional recurrent neural network
Author(s): Seongwoon Jeong; Max Ferguson; Kincho H. Law
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Paper Abstract

With advances in sensing and communication technologies, engineering systems are now commonly instrumented with sensors for system monitoring and management. Occasionally, when sensors become malfunction, it is advantageous to automatically determine faulty sensors in the system and, if possible, recover missing or faulty data. This paper investigates the use of machine learning techniques for sensor data reconstruction and anomaly detection. Specifically, bidirectional recurrent neural network (BRNN) is employed to build a data-driven model for sensor data reconstruction based on the spatiotemporal correlation among the sensor data. The reconstructed sensor data can be used not only for recovering the data of the faulty sensors, but also for detecting anomalies based on an analytical redundancy approach. The proposed method is tested with vibration data based on a numerical simulation of a sensor network for bridge monitoring application. In terms of prediction accuracy, the results show that the BRNN-based sensor data reconstruction method performs better than other existing sensor data reconstruction methods. Furthermore, the sensor data reconstructed can be used to detect and isolate the anomalies caused by faulty sensors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 March 2019
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 10970, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2019, 109700N (27 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2514436
Show Author Affiliations
Seongwoon Jeong, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Max Ferguson, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Kincho H. Law, Stanford Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10970:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2019
Jerome P. Lynch; Haiying Huang; Hoon Sohn; Kon-Well Wang, Editor(s)

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