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Discerning localized thermal impulses using an embedded distributed optical fiber sensor network
Author(s): Brian Jenkins; Peter Joyce; Adam Kong; Charles Nelson
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Paper Abstract

An embedded distributed optical fiber sensor (DOFS) based on Rayleigh scattering is used to measure the localized thermal response of a carbon fiber/epoxy composite to directed energy. The thermal impulse from a laser strike is detected while the composite is subjected to cyclic mechanical strain. The ultimate goal is rapid detection of directed energy on the surface of the composite. Prior research demonstrated the use of distributed optical fiber sensors embedded in carbon fiber/epoxy composite structures to rapidly detect temperature changes approaching 1000℃ during a high energy laser strike. However, swept wavelength interferometry used to interrogate a DOFS uses shifts in frequency which can be caused by both changes in temperature and strain. Hence, strain in the composite resulting from mechanical loading is also detected by the embedded sensor and can interfere with rapid detection and measurement of a localized thermal response. Initial tests have demonstrated the simultaneous response of the DOFS to both temperature and strain. A sensing network has been designed to mitigate the response of the sensor to mechanically applied strains, and a simple signal processing technique has been used to cancel the response of the sensor to bending strain while enhancing the thermal response when directed energy is incident on the composite surface. Additional testing indicates that the network and processing technique can also be used to isolate localized impacts on the composite surface from bending strain.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 March 2019
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 10970, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2019, 109701W (27 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2514386
Show Author Affiliations
Brian Jenkins, U.S. Naval Academy (United States)
Peter Joyce, U.S. Naval Academy (United States)
Adam Kong, U.S. Naval Academy (United States)
Charles Nelson, U.S. Naval Academy (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10970:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2019
Jerome P. Lynch; Haiying Huang; Hoon Sohn; Kon-Well Wang, Editor(s)

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