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Piezoelectric cement sensor and impedance analysis for concrete health monitoring
Author(s): Huang Hsing Pan; Yong-De Wong; Yu-Min Su
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Paper Abstract

Piezoelectric cement, instead of PZT (lead zirconate titanate) sensors and smart aggregate, has been developed as a new piezoelectric sensor that particularly applies to monitor concrete structures. Piezoelectric cement is a 0-3 type cementbased piezoelectric composite with 50% PZT for improving the incompatibility of acoustic impedance and volume deformation between conventional piezoelectric sensors and concrete structure. Piezoelectric cement was installed in concrete to monitor the strength development with the age and to detect the damage of concrete by electromechanical impedance technique. The PZT sensor was the counterpart in the experiments. Results indicate that, similar to PZT sensors, piezoelectric cement exhibits the capability of monitoring concrete structures, and the sensitivity of monitoring for piezoelectric cement even better than for the PZT if the piezoelectric cement with suitable piezoelectric strain factor d33. Piezoelectric cement embedded in concrete structures show no resonant frequency in the conductance-frequency spectra that causes to assess the conductance change easily. For the piezoelectric cement with d33 = 101 pC/N, the intervals of frequency are 300–660 kHz and 1000–2000 kHz for the strength monitoring and the damage detection, respectively. Broad effective frequency range provides larger RMSD value of conductance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2019
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 10971, Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII, 109710Y (1 April 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2514306
Show Author Affiliations
Huang Hsing Pan, National Kaohsiung Univ. of Science and Technology (Taiwan)
Yong-De Wong, National Kaohsiung Univ. of Science and Technology (Taiwan)
Yu-Min Su, National Kaohsiung Univ. of Science and Technology (Taiwan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10971:
Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII
Andrew L. Gyekenyesi, Editor(s)

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