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Inductively coupled plasma hydrogenation of LWIR type-II superlattices
Author(s): Paul Boieriu; Christoph Grein; Christopher Buurma; Jered Feldman; Richard Pimpinella; Anthony Ciani; Alexander Soibel; David Z. Ting
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Paper Abstract

Type-II superlattices (T2SLs) have several fundamental advantages over bulk infrared-sensitive materials due to larger band edge effective masses and the ability to have their band structures engineered to suppress Auger recombination, leading to lowering tunneling currents, longer carrier lifetimes and higher ideal sensitivity. Realizing in practice the potential performance gains relies heavily on reducing the number or efficacy of defects that form Shockley-Read-Hall (SRH) recombination centers, which otherwise limit carrier lifetimes. InAs/GaInSb T2SLs typically have relatively short minority carrier lifetimes in comparison with bulk HgCdTe, which has limited the detectivities of photodetectors based on these T2SLs at both cryogenic and ambient operating temperatures. Studies have shown that InAs/InAsSb T2SLs lattice matched to GaSb substrates are comparable in ideal photodiode performance to InAs/GaInSb ones. Reducing the electrical activity of defects by passivating them with hydrogen is equivalent to lowering their density, and has proven successful in other semiconductor systems. We report here results from Ga-free and Ga-containing T2SLs exposed to inductively-coupled plasmas (ICPs). Our technical approach consisted of characterizing the basic material properties of LWIR InAs/InAsSb T2SL wafers and device performance of LWIR InAs/GaSb T2SL photodiodes that were bulk-passivated with atomic hydrogen, and comparing with unpassivated samples. On average, the in-plane Hall electron mobility increased from 1800 cm2/Vs to 6800 cm2/Vs after hydrogenation. ICP hydrogenation also improved the minority carrier lifetime for each of the explored ICP conditions. Lifetime values increased from an average of 80 ns before hydrogenation to almost 200 ns, a relative increase of over 200%, suggest that some recombination-mediating defects have been at least partially passivated. The Hall mobility improvements were found to be rather stable over the considered short periods of room temperature storage.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2019
Proc. SPIE 10926, Quantum Sensing and Nano Electronics and Photonics XVI, 109260I (8 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2514077
Show Author Affiliations
Paul Boieriu, Sivananthan Labs., Inc. (United States)
Christoph Grein, Sivananthan Labs., Inc. (United States)
Christopher Buurma, Sivananthan Labs., Inc. (United States)
Jered Feldman, Sivananthan Labs., Inc. (United States)
Richard Pimpinella, Sivananthan Labs., Inc. (United States)
Anthony Ciani, Sivananthan Labs., Inc. (United States)
Alexander Soibel, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Caltech (United States)
David Z. Ting, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Caltech (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10926:
Quantum Sensing and Nano Electronics and Photonics XVI
Manijeh Razeghi, Editor(s)

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