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Physical modeling and performance of spatial-spectral filters for CT material decomposition
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Paper Abstract

Material decomposition for imaging multiple contrast agents in a single acquisition has been made possible by spectral CT: a modality which incorporates multiple photon energy spectral sensitivities into a single data collection. This work presents an investigation of a new approach to spectral CT which does not rely on energy-discriminating detectors or multiple x-ray sources. Instead, a tiled pattern of K-edge filters are placed in front of the x-ray to create spatially encoded spectra data. For improved sampling, the spatial-spectral filter is moved continuously with respect to the source. A model-based material decomposition algorithm is adopted to directly reconstruct multiple material densities from projection data that is sparse in each spectral channel. Physical effects associated with the x-ray focal spot size and motion blur for the moving filter are expected to impact overall performance. In this work, those physical effects are modeled and a performance analysis is conducted. Specifically, experiments are presented with simulated focal spot widths between 0.2 mm and 4.0 mm. Additionally, filter motion blur is simulated for a linear translation speeds between 50 mm/s and 450 mm/s. The performance differential between a 0.2 mm and a 1.0 mm focal spot is less than 15% suggesting feasibility of the approach with realistic x-ray tubes. Moreover, for reasonable filter actuation speeds, higher speeds are shown to decrease error (due to improved sampling) despite motion-based spectral blur.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2019
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10948, Medical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging, 109481A (1 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2513481
Show Author Affiliations
Matthew Tivnan, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Steven Tilley, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
J. Webster Stayman, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10948:
Medical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging
Taly Gilat Schmidt; Guang-Hong Chen; Hilde Bosmans, Editor(s)

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