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Proceedings Paper

Digital watermarking of raw and compressed video
Author(s): Frank H. Hartung; Bernd Girod
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Paper Abstract

Embedding information into multimedia data is a topic that has gained increasing attention recently. For video broadcast applications, watermarking of video, and especially of already encoded video, is interesting. We present a scheme for robust interoperable watermarking of MPEG-2 encoded video. The watermark is embedded either into the uncoded video or into the MPEG-2 bitstream, and can be retrieved from the decoded video. The scheme working on encoded video is of much lower complexity than a complete decoding process followed by watermarking in the pixel domain and re-encoding. Although an existing MPEG-2 bitstream is partly altered, the scheme avoids drift problems. The scheme has been implemented and practical results show that a robust watermark can be embedded into MPEG encoded video which can be used to transmit arbitrary binary information at a data rate of several bytes/second.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 September 1996
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2952, Digital Compression Technologies and Systems for Video Communications, (16 September 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.251278
Show Author Affiliations
Frank H. Hartung, Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany)
Bernd Girod, Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2952:
Digital Compression Technologies and Systems for Video Communications
Naohisa Ohta, Editor(s)

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