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Imaging of murine melanoma tumors using fluorescent gold nanoparticles
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Paper Abstract

Contrast agents are required to view and differentiate soft tissue structures in computed tomography (CT) yet in research, histology is still considered to be the gold standard. Preclinical contrast agents used for radiographic imaging are not visible when viewed histologically, nor are histological stains visible radiographically. By identifying a single agent that is visible in both x-ray and optical imaging, we can ensure that the target tissues can be easily identified and correlated in both images, without the need of additional staining techniques. Here we present an approach to allow for the correlation of imaging murine melanoma tumours using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and optical projection tomography (OPT), using fluorescently-labelled gold nanoparticles without additional tissue staining. B16F10 cells (murine melanoma cell line) were used to induce tumour growth in the right hind legs of twelve C57Bl6 mice. Tumor growth times varied between 2-3 weeks, with maximal tumor size of 1 cm3. We injected Cy3 fluorescently coated gold nanorods directly into the tumours. The mice were scanned with in vivo micro-CT (for pre- and post-contrast scans at a resolution of 50 microns) and once euthanized and hind leg dissected, further scanned with a specimen micro-CT at a higher resolution of 10-17.2 microns. Results showed that the distribution of the gold nanoparticles appeared to be contained and isolated to the murine melanoma tumour, allowing for contrast and visualization. Correlation of micro-CT specimen scans with optical projection tomography (OPT) imaging was possible, although there was also auto-fluorescence of the surrounding muscle tissue and melanoma cells. This study highlights the potential use of fluorescently-labelled gold nanoparticles as a dual-contrast agent for radiographic imaging of murine melanoma tumours using micro-CT and optical imaging using OPT.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2019
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 10953, Medical Imaging 2019: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 1095313 (15 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2512298
Show Author Affiliations
Steve Kozomara, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Nancy L. Ford, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10953:
Medical Imaging 2019: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging
Barjor Gimi; Andrzej Krol, Editor(s)

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