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Proceedings Paper

Active beam integrator for high-power coherent lasers
Author(s): Ferran Laguarta; Jesus Armengol Cebrian; Fidel Vega; Nuria Bas Lupon
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Paper Abstract

In laser materials processing applications it is often necessary to work with uniform intensity distributions. This goal is quite difficult to achieve when dealing with high power laser beams, and becomes critical for a successful application involving surface heat treatment of non-metallic materials. We have designed and tested a very simple beam shaper for transforming the initial intensity distribution of a CO2 laser beam mode into a more uniform intensity profile. The beam shaper is a tow-faceted mirror for active integration of high power coherent laser beams. After reflection in the faceted mirror, a TEM00 or TEM01 CO2 laser beam is divided into two beamlets that overlap to give a more uniform intensity distribution. A sharp interference pattern due to the high spatial coherence of the incident beam appears. This interference pattern is actively integrated by a high-frequency longitudinal displacement of one of the facets. This provides a change in the relative phase of the two beamlets, and consequently the interference pattern vibrates and its contribution to the intensity distribution averages out. When sweeping this distribution over a sample, a uniform amount of energy is deposited at every point of its surface. It must be emphasized that unlike multifaceted mirrors, out two-facet integrator may provide uniform intensity profiles over any working distance. Finally, as in other integration devices an imaging system may be used to obtain a spot of the shape and the size desired for a particular application.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 1996
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2789, High-Power Lasers: Applications and Emerging Applications, (23 September 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.251174
Show Author Affiliations
Ferran Laguarta, Univ. Politecnica de Catalunya (Spain)
Jesus Armengol Cebrian, Univ. Politecnica de Catalunya (Spain)
Fidel Vega, Univ. Politecnica de Catalunya (Spain)
Nuria Bas Lupon, Univ. Politecnica de Catalunya (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2789:
High-Power Lasers: Applications and Emerging Applications
Georges Sayegh; Michael R. Osborne, Editor(s)

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