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Longitudinal elastic wave imaging using nanobomb optical coherence elastography (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Chih -Hao Liu; Dmitry Nevozhay; Susobhan Das; Alexander Schill; Manmohan Singh; Achuth Nair; Konstantin Sokolov; Kirill Larin
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Paper Abstract

Wave-based optical coherence elastography (OCE) is a rapidly emerging technique for localized elasticity assessment of tissues due to its high displacement sensitivity and simple implementation. This method does not require prior knowledge of mechanical load characteristics, such as the applied preload and applied stress on the sample. Currently, noncontact wave excitation has been accomplished with various methods, such as focused micro air-pulse and acoustic techniques. However, they are limited by the inability to target specific tissues and usually only image the transversely propagating elastic wave, which generally requires scanning the probe beam across the sample. In addition, the upper frequency components of the elastic waves are limited to a few kilohertz, which are sensitive to boundary conditions due to their long wavelengths. In this study, we demonstrated that rapid vaporization of perfluorocarbon inside dye nanoparticles that was excited by a pulsed laser excitation, termed “nanobombs”, can produce high frequency longitudinal elastic waves in tissue mimicking phantoms. The nanoparticles were excited by a 1064 nm pulsed laser, which was co-focused with the OCT probe beam. The longitudinal elastic waves, which propagated axially (i.e., following the optical path), were directly imaged by a phase-sensitive Fourier domain mode-locked based OCT system. The detected elasticity was validated with well-established air-pulse OCE and the “gold standard” uniaxial mechanical testing. The results demonstrate the feasibility of performing nanobomb elastography in tissue with the potential for targeting specific tissues and producing longitudinal elastic waves with high frequency content.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 March 2019
Proc. SPIE 10867, Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XXIII, 108672D (7 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2511547
Show Author Affiliations
Chih -Hao Liu, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Dmitry Nevozhay, The Univ. of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Susobhan Das, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Alexander Schill, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Manmohan Singh, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Achuth Nair, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Konstantin Sokolov, The Univ. of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Ctr. (United States)
Kirill Larin, Univ. of Houston (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10867:
Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XXIII
James G. Fujimoto; Joseph A. Izatt, Editor(s)

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