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Pedestaled subwavelength grating metamaterial waveguide for sensitivity enhancement (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Ching-Wen Chang; Xiaochuan Xu; Swapnajit Chakravarty; Hui-Chun Huang; Quark Yungsung Chen; Li-Wei Tu; Ray T. Chen

Paper Abstract

Silicon photonics has been studied intensively for biosensing applications due to the potential of leveraging the matured fabrication process to integrate thousands of sensors on a single chip and massively produce sensing chips at an affordable cost. However, the high index contrast of silicon does not only enable ultra-compact sensors, but also limits the interaction between optical field and analytes. To enhance the sensitivity, silicon subwavelength grating metamaterial (SGM) microring resonator was proposed to improve the interaction between photons and analytes and has demonstrated significant sensitivity improvement. Due to the asymmetric index profile along the vertical direction, further increasing the sensitivity becomes challenging. To reduce the asymmetricity, in this paper, we propose pedestaled SGM which allows further increasing the interaction between optical field and analytes. We analyzed and demonstrated enhanced bulk sensitivity and limit of detection (LOD) in SGM microring resonators with pedestal structure. To compare the bulk sensitivity and LOD of regular SGM microring resonator (Sample A) and pedestal SGM microring resonators, the devices with same structure design as Sample A were soaked in buffered oxide etch (BOE) for 30 seconds (Sample B) and 50 seconds (Sample C) to make pedestal shape. Real time monitoring of the resonance shift measurement shows the detection of streptavidin at a low concentration of 0.1 ng/mL for Sample C and a similar response for 1 ng/mL, 10 ng/mL, 100 ng/mL, 1 μg/mL, 10 μg/mL, and 100 μg/mL. Our results suggest that such pedestaled SGM microring resonators have great potential for specific biomarkers diagnosis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2019
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Proc. SPIE 10895, Frontiers in Biological Detection: From Nanosensors to Systems XI, 108950P (4 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2510648
Show Author Affiliations
Ching-Wen Chang, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
National Sun Yat-sen Univ. (Taiwan)
Xiaochuan Xu, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Omega Optics, Inc. (United States)
Swapnajit Chakravarty, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Omega Optics, Inc. (United States)
Hui-Chun Huang, National Sun Yat-sen Univ. (Taiwan)
Quark Yungsung Chen, National Sun Yat-sen Univ. (Taiwan)
Li-Wei Tu, National Sun Yat-sen Univ. (Taiwan)
Ray T. Chen, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Omega Optics, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10895:
Frontiers in Biological Detection: From Nanosensors to Systems XI
Amos Danielli; Benjamin L. Miller; Sharon M. Weiss, Editor(s)

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