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High power 1726 nm operation of a thulium fiber laser pumped in-band by an erbium-only fiber laser (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Mark D. Burns; Peter C. Shardlow; Pranabesh Barua; Thomas L. Jefferson-Brain; Jayanta Sahu; William A. Clarkson
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Paper Abstract

There are a number of spectral features around 1700 nm which are very attractive to the laser community. Strong C-H bond absorption and moderate water absorption lend this region to many applications such as polymer processing and laser surgery. Despite being a growing area of interest, development of high-power, laser sources in this region is quite challenging. Here we present preliminary results of in-band pumping a thulium-doped fiber laser (TDFL) with erbium-only doped fiber laser (EDFL) to generate 1700 nm Erbium-only was chosen to avoid the power scaling limitations of co-doping with ytterbium. Parasitic lasing on the ytterbium band at 1030 nm results in efficiency roll-off and self-pulsing. Because of this, single-mode Er/Yb laser systems are generally limited to moderate powers of ~20W and reliability remains an issue. An in-house double-clad large mode-area fiber, with a fundamental mode-field diameter of 20 um, was cladding pumped at 975 nm. Maximum power at 90 W launched was 31 W and the slope efficiency was 44.2% (35.4%) with respect to absorbed (launched) pump power. Suitability for high-brightness core pumping of a TDFL was confirmed with an M2 measurement of 1.1 ± 0.1. For 1700 nm generation, the 1580 nm pump light was free-space coupled into an in-house TDF (0.2 wt.% dopant concentration). For a maximum launched power of 23 W, 15 W of 1726 nm output was generated with a slope efficiency of 67.1% (64.7%) with respect to absorbed (launched). To the author’s best knowledge, this is the highest recorded power in this wavelength region from a TDFL.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2019
Proc. SPIE 10897, Fiber Lasers XVI: Technology and Systems, 108970O (13 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2510354
Show Author Affiliations
Mark D. Burns, Optoelectronics Research Ctr. (United Kingdom)
Peter C. Shardlow, Optoelectronics Research Ctr. (United Kingdom)
Pranabesh Barua, Optoelectronics Research Ctr. (United Kingdom)
Thomas L. Jefferson-Brain, Optoelectronics Research Ctr. (United Kingdom)
Jayanta Sahu, Optoelectronics Research Ctr. (United Kingdom)
William A. Clarkson, Optoelectronics Research Ctr. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10897:
Fiber Lasers XVI: Technology and Systems
Adrian L. Carter; Liang Dong, Editor(s)

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