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Modular linear optical circuits for quantum information processing (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): James C. Gates; Paolo L. Mennea; William Clements; Devin H. Smith; Rex H. S. Bannerman; Jelmer Renema; William S. Kolthammer; Ian A. Walmsley; Peter G. R. Smith

Paper Abstract

For over a decade the field of quantum photonics has increasingly looked towards optical integrated platforms to perform more complex and sophisticated experiments. Silica integrated optics is an ideal material for this area, offering low propagation and fibre-coupling losses. To date many of the key on-chip experiments have been carried out in this platform, using bespoke monolithic devices. In this work we propose an alternative approach, implementing a linear network constructed from a number of identical reconfigurable modules. The modules are measured separately to produce an accurate model of the overall network. The cellular nature also allows the replacement of modules that are faulty or substandard. Each module comprises of an array of 10 Mach-Zhender interferometers. Forty thermo-optic phase shifters on each chip allows the control of both the amplitude and phase of the optical field within the devices. By cascading the modules any arbitrary NxN unitary network can be realised. The optical waveguides within the modules are fabricated by direct UV writing, where a scanning focused UV laser beam increases the local refractive index within a photosensitive germanosilicate glass layer. The resulting channel waveguides are engineered to have dimensions that are mode matched to standard optical fibre producing excellent coupling efficiency. Bragg gratings can also be simultaneously produced within the waveguides which greatly assists in the precise characterisation of the phase shifters, coupling ratios and optical losses within the modules. We will present our recent work in this area, demonstrating devices operating at telecom wavelengths for quantum information processing. We present a modular reconfigurable system for on-chip quantum optics experiments with excellent fibre compatibility and low propagation losses, implemented using direct-UV-written silica-on-silicon. The performance of fabricated devices in various configurations is reported.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2019
Proc. SPIE 10933, Advances in Photonics of Quantum Computing, Memory, and Communication XII, 109330A (4 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2510301
Show Author Affiliations
James C. Gates, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Paolo L. Mennea, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
William Clements, Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
Devin H. Smith, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Rex H. S. Bannerman, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)
Jelmer Renema, Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
William S. Kolthammer, Imperial College London (United Kingdom)
Ian A. Walmsley, Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
Peter G. R. Smith, Univ. of Southampton (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10933:
Advances in Photonics of Quantum Computing, Memory, and Communication XII
Philip R. Hemmer; Alan L. Migdall; Zameer Ul Hasan, Editor(s)

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