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Utilizing deep learning technology to develop a novel CT image marker for categorizing cervical cancer patients at early stage
Author(s): Wei Liu; Abolfazl Zargaria; Theresa C. Thai; Tara Castellano; Camille C. Gunderson; Kathleen Moore; Robert S. Mannel; Hong Liu; Bin Zheng; Yuchen Qiu
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Paper Abstract

The purpose of this investigation is to verify the feasibility of using deep learning technology to generate an image marker for accurate stratification of cervical cancer patients. For this purpose, a pre-trained deep residual neural network (i.e. ResNet-50) is used as a fixed feature extractor, which is applied to the previously identified cervical tumors depicted on CT images. The features at average pooling layer of the ResNet-50 are collected as initial feature pool. Then discriminant neighborhood embedding (DNE) algorithm is employed to reduce the feature dimension and create an optimal feature cluster. Next, a k-nearest neighbors (k-NN) regression model uses this cluster as input to generate an evaluation score for predicting patient’s response to the planned treatment. In order to assess this new model, we retrospectively assembled the pre-treatment CT images from a number of 97 locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) patients. The leave one out cross validation (LOOCV) strategy is adopted to train and optimize this new scheme and the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) is applied for performance evaluation. The result shows that this new model achieves an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.749 ± 0.064, indicating that the deep neural networks enables to identify the most effective tumor characteristics for therapy response prediction. This investigation initially demonstrates the potential of developing a deep learning based image marker to assist oncologists on categorizing cervical cancer patients for precision treatment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 March 2019
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 10879, Biophotonics and Immune Responses XIV, 108790I (7 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2510037
Show Author Affiliations
Wei Liu, The Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)
Xi’an Univ. of Posts and Telecommunications (China)
Abolfazl Zargaria, The Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)
Theresa C. Thai, The Univ. of Oklahoma Health Sciences Ctr. (United States)
Tara Castellano, The Univ. of Oklahoma Health Sciences Ctr. (United States)
Camille C. Gunderson, The Univ. of Oklahoma Health Sciences Ctr. (United States)
Kathleen Moore, The Univ. of Oklahoma Health Sciences Ctr. (United States)
Robert S. Mannel, The Univ. of Oklahoma Health Sciences Ctr. (United States)
Hong Liu, The Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)
Bin Zheng, The Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)
Yuchen Qiu, The Univ. of Oklahoma (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10879:
Biophotonics and Immune Responses XIV
Wei R. Chen, Editor(s)

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