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Energy-efficient graphene and ITO-based MZI and absorption modulators (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Volker J. Sorger; Rubab Amin; Zhizhen Ma; Ray Chen; Hamed Dalir

Paper Abstract

With success of silicon photonics having mature to foundry-readiness, the intrinsic limitations of the weak electro-optic effects in Silicon limit further device development. To overcome this, heterogeneous integration of emerging electrooptic materials into Si or SiN platforms are a promising path to deliver <1fJ/bit device-level efficiency, 50+Ghz fast switching, and <10's um^2 compact footprints. Graphene's Pauli blocking enables intriguing opportunities for device performance to include broadband absorption, unity-strong index modulation, low contact resistance. Similarly, ITO has shown ENZ behavior, and tunability for EOMs or EAMs. Here we review recent modulator advances all heterogeneously integrated on Si or SiN such as a) a DBR-enabled photonic 60 GHz graphene EAM, b) a hybrid plasmon graphene EAM of 100aJ/bit efficiency, d) the first ITO-based MZI showing a VpL = 0.52 V-mm, and e) a plasmonic ITO MZI with a record low VpL = 11 V-um. We conclude by discussing modulator scaling laws for a roadmap to achieve 10's aJ/bit devices.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 2019
PDF
Proc. SPIE 10914, Optical Components and Materials XVI, 109140M (5 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2509723
Show Author Affiliations
Volker J. Sorger, The George Washington Univ. (United States)
Rubab Amin, The George Washington Univ. (United States)
Zhizhen Ma, The George Washington Univ. (United States)
Ray Chen, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Hamed Dalir, Omega Optics, Inc. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10914:
Optical Components and Materials XVI
Shibin Jiang; Michel J. F. Digonnet, Editor(s)

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