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High-accuracy identification of micro-plastics by holographic microscopy enabled support vector machine
Author(s): V. Bianco; P. Memmolo; F. Merola; P. Carcagni; C. Distante; P. Ferraro
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Paper Abstract

Micro-plastics dispersion in water is one of the major global threats due to the potential of plastic items to affect the food chain and reproduction of marine organisms. However, reliable and automatic recognition of micro-plastic in water is still an unmatched goal. Here we identify micro-plastics in water samples through digital holography microscopy combined to machine learning. We exploit the rich content of information of the holographic signature to design new distinctive features that specifically characterize micro-plastics and allow distinguishing them from marine plankton of comparable size. We use these features to train a plain support vector machine, remarkably improving its performance. Thus, we obtain a very accurate classifier using a simple machine learning approach, which does not require a large amount of training data and identifies micro-plastics of various morphology and optical properties over a wide range of characteristic scales. This is a first mandatory step to develop sensor networks to map the distribution of micro-plastics in water and their flows.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2019
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10887, Quantitative Phase Imaging V, 108870F (4 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2509515
Show Author Affiliations
V. Bianco, Institute of Applied Sciences and Intelligent Systems “E. Caianiello”,CNR (Italy)
P. Memmolo, Institute of Applied Sciences and Intelligent Systems “E. Caianiello”,CNR (Italy)
F. Merola, Institute of Applied Sciences and Intelligent Systems “E. Caianiello”,CNR (Italy)
P. Carcagni, Institute of Applied Sciences and Intelligent Systems “E. Caianiello”,CNR (Italy)
C. Distante, Institute of Applied Sciences and Intelligent Systems “E. Caianiello”,CNR (Italy)
P. Ferraro, Institute of Applied Sciences and Intelligent Systems “E. Caianiello”,CNR (Italy)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10887:
Quantitative Phase Imaging V
Gabriel Popescu; YongKeun Park, Editor(s)

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