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Accelerated Pheno-Tree (APT) for large-scale label-free image-based single-cell analysis (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Shobana V. Stassen
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Paper Abstract

Recent advances in imaging cytometry enable high-resolution analysis of single-cell phenotypes (both physical and biochemical) at high throughput with the overall aim of revealing the phenotypic variability within an enormous and heterogeneous population of cells. However, analysis of large-scale high dimensional single-cell image data is computationally intensive and soon becomes unscaleable from both a memory and run time perspective. To address this challenge, we develop Accelerated Pheno-Tree (APT) – an unsupervised clustering algorithm tailored for analyzing large-scale high dimensional single-cell image-based data. As a proof-of-concept demonstration, we adopt APT in time-stretch quantitative phase imaging (TS-QPI) – an ultrahigh-throughput label-free imaging technique that allows large-scale single-cell biophysical phenotyping. APT allows fast unbiased clustering and visualization of high-dimensional datasets of above 1 million single cell TS-QPI - bypassing the need for prior knowledge of the data as well as data down-sampling which are common in the existing clustering methods. Integrating two key computational steps, i.e. accelerated non-linear dimension reduction (LargeVis) of the TS-QPI data followed by the graph-based and data-driven agglomerative clustering (based on accelerated minimum spanning tree construction), APT successfully distinguishes multiple cell types (e.g. 7 lung cancer cell lines, and sub-types of PBMC cells) entirely based on their intrinsic biophysical phenotypes (up to 30 dimensions) quantified from label-free TS-QPI (total cell count: 1.1 million cells). We anticipate that APT could be particularly useful in ultralarge-scale single-cell analysis and facilitates exploration of the heterogeneity within cell populations based on single-cell biophysical features with high accuracy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2019
Proc. SPIE 10889, High-Speed Biomedical Imaging and Spectroscopy IV, 108890C (4 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2508990
Show Author Affiliations
Shobana V. Stassen, The Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10889:
High-Speed Biomedical Imaging and Spectroscopy IV
Kevin K. Tsia; Keisuke Goda, Editor(s)

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